The Salem Witch Trial took place in America in 17th century between 1692 and 1693. During this period of time 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft and black magic and 20 people were killed. After many years, when people realized that the trial was caused due to misunderstanding, the families of the victims were redressed. Since then, the Salem Witch Trial has become an equivalent word for injustice through the whole world for many years.
Several years ago, Christians had a strong belief over God as well as the existence of Devil; they believed God and praised Him. Those people use to believe that the Devil could empower certain people to assign them to harm others and they called them “Witch”. Many innocent people mostly women were executed for being a witch. France and England has started war during 1689 in American colonies. This war affected some regions of America, so they started sending refugees to Salem village. Displacement aggravated existing rivalry among people and their families. Reverend Samuel Parris, who was the minister of Salem in 1689, who was disliked by the people due to his rigid and cold nature.
In January 1692, Parris’s daughter Betty, his niece Abigail Williams and their friends started behaving very strangely. They start uttering unusual things, scream, started seeing peculiar things etc. Doctors tried hard to cure them but they failed, so people started talking about witchcraft and supernatural powers. Girls blamed three women for afflicting them: Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne. After that the process of accusation starts, one after another many people came under suspicion and were accused to be the servant of Devil. Martha Corey, a loyal member of the Salem church was also accused and finally Bridget Bishop, an elderly woman was the first to be hanged because she refused to accept that she is a witch and was accused.
When Governor Phipps’s wife came under the accusation he announces to stop arresting people and released many accused witches and resolved the court. Phipps decided to forgive the entire accused persons in the jail and send them home, but it was too late because till he realized the truth of witchcraft19 people were already hanged, one was pressed to death by heavy stones and remaining 200 had suffered a lot inside the jail. After everything was cleared Judge Samuel Sewall, publicly confessed his guilt following trials and executions.
To learn more about the my short summary visit: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/brief-salem.html?c=y&page=1